BCS Certificate in IT Study Materials & Resources - Software Development.

Software Development

04.00 PM Tuesday / January 21, 2014

Thilini Prarthana Bandara

BCS - The British Computer Society credentials are leading IT qualifications followed by top IT professionals all over the world. Now you can study and sit for BCS exams in Sri Lanka.



The BCS Certificate in IT focuses on the following core modules

  • Information Systems
  • Software Development
  • Computer & Network Technology

BCS Certificate in IT - Software Development

Aims of this module

  • To stress the importance of good design, documentation and usability
  • To emphasize skills in problem solving and algorithm specification rather than just writing syntactically correct code
  • To introduce a systematic approach to algorithm development which will assist in subsequent programming and system design modules
  • To introduce candidates to the environment in which software is developed and to the tools that assist in this process

Prior Knowledge

Not expected

What you will be studying

FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS OF THE PROGRAMMING PROCESS

  • Concept of an algorithm
  • Development and semi-formal specification of algorithms, based on a simplified computer model
  • Development of code from an algorithm

PHASE - SPECIFIC ISSUES OF SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT

  • Development techniques such as modular programming, defensive programming or recursion
  • Approaches to software build, such as evolutionary prototyping or 4GL development
  • Objectives and principles of testing and test-case specification
  • Testing and debugging strategies including dry-running,white-box and black-box
  • Styles of software documentation, such as for users or support personnel
  • Content of software documentation such as GUI descriptions or maintenance details

INTRODUCTION TO PROGRAMMING CONCEPTS

  • Types: numeric and non-numeric, elementary and derived, subtypes, and expressions such as assignments, input/output
  • Control structures: selection and iteration
  • Subprograms: procedures and functions
  • Data structures: Arrays (1- and 2-dimensions), implementation of queues, stacks and lists.
  • Concept of data abstraction
  • Sorting and searching algorithms: comparative effectiveness with respect to
  • computation and storage of scanning versus indexing methods

FILES: SEQUENTIAL, INDEX-SEQUENTIAL AND RANDOM ACCESS

  • Comparative effectiveness of storage and retrieval for applications such as batch processing or on-line query or both

INTRODUCTION TO CONCEPT OF USER-INTERFACE DESIGN

  • User requirements and characteristics of user interfaces; principles and techniques of dialogue control, navigation and selection

ROLE AND NEED FOR SYSTEM SOFTWARE

  • System software and its relation to application software
Case Studies and Books to Refer
  • Lesley Anne Robertson, Simple Program Design: A Step-By-Step Approach, Course Technology Inc (5th Ed), 2006, ISBN: 1423901320
  • Not specific to any programming language or indeed to any single design method. Quite simple approach. Uses pseudocode, flowcharts and Nassi-Schneiderman charts (not widely used)
  • Bell, D. Software Engineering for Students:A Programming Approach, Addison Wesley(4th Ed), 2005, ISBN: 0321261275
  • Recommended for reading more about software engineering and structured design concepts in programming

Java Texts

  • Goodrich, Michael, T, Tamassia, R., Data Structures & Algorithms in Java, John Wileyand Sons, 2005, ISBN: 0471738840
  • Horstmann, C.S., Java Concepts 6/E for Java 7 and 8 International Student Version,Wiley, 2010, ISBN: 978-0-470-56159-1
  • Deitel, H., Deitel, P Java How to Program, Pearson (8th Ed), 2010, ISBN: 0131364839

C/C++ Texts

  • Savitch, W., Problem solving with C++,Pearson (7th Ed), 2009, ISBN: 0321549406 Uses object-oriented ideas with the software life cycle.
  • Gottried, B.S., Schaum’s Outline of Programming with C, McGraw-Hill, 1996, ISBN:0070240353

Other Reading

Other textbooks that describe introductory programming will be appropriate. The computer trade press and the computing/IT supplements of newspapers will help to give candidates both an understanding of the scope of the discipline and also introduce new developments in the field.

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